Nationally: Info from Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) 2017 In 2017, among U.S. high school students,
40% had ever had sexual intercourse
10% had four or more sexual partners
7% had been physically forced to have sexual intercourse when they did not want to
30% had had sexual intercourse during the previous 3 months, and, of those:
46% did not use a condom the last time they had sex
14% did not use any method to prevent pregnancy
19% had drunk alcohol or used drugs before last sexual intercourse
Nearly 10% of all students have ever been tested for HIV
NYS:Info from YRBS 2017 In 2017, among NYS high school students,
31% had ever had sexual intercourse
6% had four or more sexual partners
22% had had sex during the previous 3 months, and, of those:
41% did not use a condom the last time they had sex
16% did not use any method to prevent pregnancy
16% had drunk alcohol or used drugs before the last time they sex
15% of NYS students have never been tested for HIV
Outcomes of Sexual Risk Taking Behaviors in Adolescents: Info from CDC, HHS & NYS DOH 2016 STIs: Half of the 20 million new STDs reported each year are among young adults 15-24.
70% of Gonorrhea cases in the US come from people aged 15-24.
63% of Chlamydia cases in the US come from people aged 15-24.
49% of HPV cases in the US come from people aged 15-24.
45% of Herpes cases in the US come from people aged 15-24.
21-26% of HIV cases in the US come from people aged 13-24.
Pregnancy: Nationally, nearly 210,000 babies were born to mothers aged 15–19 years in 2016, for a birth rate of 20.3 per 1,000 women in this age group. In NYS, there were 16,196 pregnancies in women aged 15-19 in 2016, for a pregnancy rate of 26.7 per 1,000 females in this age group. In Orleans County, there were 24 pregnancies in women aged 15-19 in 2016, for a pregnancy rate of 20.2 per 1,000 females. (Leaving them ranked 34th out of 57 counties, excluding NYC). In Genesee County, there were 42 pregnancies to women aged 15-19 in 2016, for a pregnancy rate of 23.2 per 1,000 females. (leaving them ranked 24th out of 57 counties excluding NYC.) **Overall, Rates of teen pregnancy have been decreasing, with evidence suggesting that these declines are due to more teens abstaining from sexual activity and more teens who are sexually active using birth control than in the past.
By age 22, around 50% of teen mothers have received a high school diploma and only 30% have earned a GED (whereas 90% of women who did not give birth during adolescence receive a high school diploma). Only about 10 percent of teen mothers complete a two- or four-year college program. Teen fathers have a 25 to 30 percent lower probability of graduating from high school than teenage boys who are not fathers.
Children who are born to teen mothers experience a wide range of problems. For example, they are more likely to:
have a higher risk for low birth weight and infant mortality;
have lower levels of emotional support and cognitive stimulation;
have fewer skills and be less prepared to learn when they enter kindergarten;
have behavioral problems and chronic medical conditions;
rely more heavily on publicly funded health care;
have higher rates of foster care placement;
be incarcerated at some time during adolescence;
have lower school achievement and drop out of high school;
give birth as a teen; and
be unemployed or underemployed as a young adult.
STD Statistics Among Adolescents
Young people aged 15–24 years acquire half of all new STDs (even though they only make up 27% of the sexually active population), with 1 in 4 sexually active adolescent females having an STD currently, and 1 in 2 people expected to have an STD by the time they are 25.
Compared with older adults, sexually active adolescents aged 15–19 years and young adults aged 20–24 years are at higher risk of acquiring STDs for a combination of behavioral, biological, and cultural reasons:
Adolescent females have an increased susceptibility to some STDs because of cells on the cervix being more susceptible to infection, as compared to older females
Barriers to accessing STD information; such as inability to pay, lack of transportation, long waiting times, conflict between clinic hours and work and school schedules, embarrassment attached to seeking STD services, and concerns about confidentiality
HIV Statistics . . .
did you know .....
Globally: Info from World Health Organization (WHO) The leading causes of death among adolescents in 2012 were:
Lower Respiratory Infections
Nationally: Info from CDC From 2010 to 2015, estimated annual HIV infections declined 24% among youth, although youth aged 13 to 24 still made up 21% of all new HIV diagnoses in the United States in 2016.
81% of those HIV diagnoses were attributed to male-to-male sexual contact (2016). Additionally, in adolescent males, 4% of cases were attributed to heterosexual contact, 3% were attributed to male-to-male sexual contact and injection drug use, and 1% to injection drug use alone (2016).
In adolescent females, 87% of infections were attributed to heterosexual contact and 9% were attributed to injection drug use (2016).
Having a very low level of virus in the body (suppressed viral load) helps a person stay healthy and reduces the risk of transmitting HIV to others. Youth with HIV are the least likely of any age group to be linked to care in a timely manner and have a suppressed viral load.
NYS: Info from NYS DOH AIDS Institute- As of September 2017 Overall, the number of people newly diagnosed with HIV in New York has decreased 37% from 2009 to 2016 (4,558 to 2,881); currently……
112,919 people in NYS are living with HIV and or AIDS (571.9 per 100,000). 130 people 12 & under are living with HIV and/or AIDS (2.3 per 100,000). *Called “Pediatric Cases” 591 people 13-19 are living with HIV and/or AIDS (31.8 per 100,000). 2,776 people 20-24 are living with HIV and/or AIDS (199.4 per 100,000).
71% of people living with HIV in NYS are male, and 29% are female.
Orleans County:Info from NYS DOH AIDS Institute- As of September 2017 Rates of HIV and AIDS diagnoses and existing cases have decreased over time in Orleans County. Currently….. 50 people in Orleans County (Excluding State Prison Inmates) are living with HIV and/or AIDS (77.4 per 100,000). 0 of these cases are in people birth- 19 years old. 3 cases are in people 20-29 years old.
32 Males, 18 Females
**SO: HIV is in Orleans County, and is not just occurring in people who are in prison **Most cases are in those who are middle-aged- but that only represents how old they are now, not when they were infected or when they were diagnosed.
131 people in Orleans County (Including State Prison Inmates) are living with HIV and/or AIDS (179.0 per 100,000). 0 cases are in people birth-19 years old. 3 cases are in people 20-29 years old.
51 Males, 80 Females
Genesee County:Info from NYS DOH AIDS Institute- As of September 2017 57 people in Genesee County (Excluding Prison Inmates) are living with HIV and/or AIDS (97.5 per 100,000). 0 of these cases are in people birth- 19 years old. 7 cases are among people 20-29 years old.
39 Males, 18 Females
72 people in Genesee County (Including Prison Inmates) are living with HIV and/or AIDS (123.1 per 100,000). 0 of these cases are in people birth-19 years old. 8 cases are among people 20-19 years old.
53 Males, 19 Females
The center for Disease control recommends all adolescents and adults (aged 13-64 years old) get tested for HIV at least once as part of routine medical care.